Wednesday, 21 May 2014

Diseases Related to Malnutrion

Assalamualaikum wrh and a very good day friends!

We are introducing to you our last article on GIT system. In this article, you will find out a lot of information about the "Disease Related to Malnutrition". Enjoy your reading!

Malnutrition is the condition that occurs when your body does not get enough nutrients.

There were 925 million undernourished people in the world in 2010, an increase of 80 million since 1990, despite the fact that the world already produces enough food to feed everyone — 7 billion people — and could feed almost double — 12 billion people!

here are some diseases related to malnutrition

Marasmus is a disease that results from severe deficiency of both proteins and calories and is one of the most common diseases in children. Thus, this condition results in overall energy deficiency. In this condition, a person looks emaciated and the body weight of the person maybe lower than 80% of the normal required weight of the person!


It is also said to be a protein-calorie malnutrition similar to marasmus, but what sets it apart from marasmus is the presence of edema, that is typically seen in the feet.

This disease is more common in very poor countries.
It often occurs during a drought or other natural disaster, or during political unrest. These conditions are responsible for a lack of food, which leads to malnutrition.


Goiter is a disease that is mostly caused due to deficiency of iodine in the diet. This leads to typical goiter symptoms like swelling of the thyroid gland which is visible as a large swelling in the neck.
Sometimes, the swelling in the neck may be so large, that it may lead to compression of the windpipe or the larynx, which may cause difficulty in breathing and speaking.


Defective mineralization of bones before epiphyseal closure in mature mammals due to deficiency or impaired metabolism of vitamin D, phosphorus or calcium, potentially leading to fractures and deformity.
Rickets is among the most frequent childhood disease in many developing countries. The predominant cause is Vitamin D deficiency, but lack of adequate calcium in the diet may also lead to rickets (cases of severe diarrhea and vomiting may be the cause of the deficiency). Although it can occur in adults, the majority of cases occur in children suffering from severe malnutrition, usually resulting from famine or starvation during the early stages of childhood.

Thursday, 15 May 2014

Orchestra In Your Stomach


A stomach rumble, also known as a bowel sound or peristaltic sound, are made by the movement of the intestines as they push food through.
Bowel sounds are most often a normal occurrence, frequent, unusually loud sounds or the lack of abdominal noise may indicate an underlying condition within the digestive system.

The scientific name for a rumbling stomach, borborygmus 


 v  Incomplete digestion of food can lead to excess gas in the intestine. In humans, this can be due to incomplete digestion of carbohydrate-containing foods, including milk and other dairy products , gluten (protein in wheat, barley, and rye) (celiac disease), fruit, vegetables

 v  Louder rumbles may occur when one is hungry.
§   Around two hours after the stomach has been emptied, it sends signals to the brain, which tells the digestive muscles to restart peristalsis in a wave called the migrating motor complex. Food left behind after the first cycle is swept up, and the vibrations of the empty stomach cause hunger.

v   When air is swallowed while talking, eating, and drinking. This phenomenon is typical

Bowel sound can be classified to hyperactive and hypoactive
·         Hyperactive bowel sound means  there is an increase in intestinal activity. This can sometimes occur with diarrhea and after eating.
·         Hypoactive bowel sound reduction in the loudness, tone, or regularity of the sounds. They are a sign that intestinal activity has slowed. Hypoactive bowel sounds are normal during sleep, and also occur normally for a short time after the use of certain medications and after abdominal surgery. 

causes of hyperactive bowel sounds:

Causes of hypoactive bowel sound:

If abdominal sounds occur with other symptoms, several tests will be perform to diagnose the underlying cause.
 Ø  Take medical history
 Ø  Auscultation
 Several other tests will be performed if needed
  • computed tomography (CT) scan to take X-ray images of the abdominal area
  • endoscopy
  • blood testing is used to rule out infection or organ damage

Treatment is depend on the severity of symptoms.

More often, noises in our digestive system are normal. However, if we feel that abdominal noises are unusual, or are accompanied by other symptoms, seek medical care right away to reduce the risk of complications.