Wednesday, 21 May 2014

Diseases Related to Malnutrion

Assalamualaikum wrh and a very good day friends!

We are introducing to you our last article on GIT system. In this article, you will find out a lot of information about the "Disease Related to Malnutrition". Enjoy your reading!

Malnutrition is the condition that occurs when your body does not get enough nutrients.

There were 925 million undernourished people in the world in 2010, an increase of 80 million since 1990, despite the fact that the world already produces enough food to feed everyone — 7 billion people — and could feed almost double — 12 billion people!

here are some diseases related to malnutrition

Marasmus is a disease that results from severe deficiency of both proteins and calories and is one of the most common diseases in children. Thus, this condition results in overall energy deficiency. In this condition, a person looks emaciated and the body weight of the person maybe lower than 80% of the normal required weight of the person!


It is also said to be a protein-calorie malnutrition similar to marasmus, but what sets it apart from marasmus is the presence of edema, that is typically seen in the feet.

This disease is more common in very poor countries.
It often occurs during a drought or other natural disaster, or during political unrest. These conditions are responsible for a lack of food, which leads to malnutrition.


Goiter is a disease that is mostly caused due to deficiency of iodine in the diet. This leads to typical goiter symptoms like swelling of the thyroid gland which is visible as a large swelling in the neck.
Sometimes, the swelling in the neck may be so large, that it may lead to compression of the windpipe or the larynx, which may cause difficulty in breathing and speaking.


Defective mineralization of bones before epiphyseal closure in mature mammals due to deficiency or impaired metabolism of vitamin D, phosphorus or calcium, potentially leading to fractures and deformity.
Rickets is among the most frequent childhood disease in many developing countries. The predominant cause is Vitamin D deficiency, but lack of adequate calcium in the diet may also lead to rickets (cases of severe diarrhea and vomiting may be the cause of the deficiency). Although it can occur in adults, the majority of cases occur in children suffering from severe malnutrition, usually resulting from famine or starvation during the early stages of childhood.

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